Red Mandarin
 

The Mandarinfish or Mandarin dragonet (Synchiropus splendidus), is a small, brightly-colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwater aquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia.

Taxonomy and etymology

The Mandarinfish was first described as Callionymus splendidus in 1927 by Albert William Herre, an American ichthyologist working in the Philippines. It was later placed in genus Synchiropus. The generic name Synchiropus is from Ancient Greek syn-, meaning "together", and -chiropus meaning "hand-foot". The specific epithet splendidus is from Latin for splendid. The common name of the Mandarinfish comes from its extremely vivid colouration, evoking the robes of an Imperial Chinese mandarin. Other common names include Mandarin goby, Green mandarin, Striped mandarinfish, Striped dragonet, Green dragonet and sometimes Psychedelic mandarinfish. The similarly named mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi), properly known as the Chinese perch, is only distantly related.

The Mandarinfish belongs to the perciform family Callionymidae, the dragonets, which counts 10 genera and more than 182 species. Genus Synchiropus counts 51 species, divided into 10 subgenera. The Mandarinfish is in subgenus Synchiropus (Pterosynchiropus) along with the Australian LSD-fish (S. occidentalis) and the LSD- or psychedelic fish (S. picturatus).

Description

To date, S. splendidus is one of only two animal species known to have blue colouring because of cellular pigment, the other being the closely related LSD-fish Psychedelic Mandarin (S. picturatus). The name "cyanophore" was proposed for the blue chromatophores, or pigment-containing and light-reflecting cells. In all other known cases, the colour blue comes from thin-film interference from piles of flat, thin and reflecting purine crystals.

Ecology

The mandarinfish viewed from the frontMandarinfish are reef dwellers, preferring sheltered lagoons and inshore reefs. While they are slow-moving and fairly common within their range, they are not easily seen due to their bottom-feeding habit and their small size (reaching only about 6 cm). They feed primarily on small crustaceans and other invertebrates.

Diet

Based on the gut analyses of 7 wild fish Sadovy et al. (2001) determined that the mandarinfish has a mixed diet that consists of harpacticoid copepods, polychaete worms, small gastropods, gammaridean amphipods, fish eggs and ostracods. In the wild, feeding is continuous during daytime; the fish peck selectively at small prey trapped on corral substrate in a home range of many square meters.

Relationship to humans

Despite their popularity in the aquarium trade, mandarinfish are considered difficult to keep, as their feeding habits are very specific. Some fish never adapt to aquarium life, refusing to eat anything but live amphipods and copepods (as in the wild), though individuals that do acclimatize to aquarium food are considered to be quite hardy and highly resistant to diseases such as ich. They cannot contract the disease Ichthyophthirius because they do not have the skin type that this common aquarium disease affects.

The mandarinfish appeared on a 39 kip postage stamp from Laos issued in 1987, and a 40 cent postage stamp of the Federated States of Micronesia issued on 26 August 1993.

Synonyms

  • Callionymus splendidus Herre, 1927
  • Neosynchiropus splendidus (Herre, 1927)
  • Pterosynchiropus splendidus (Herre, 1927)

Source: [wikipedia](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synchiropus_splendidus

A brightly colored member of the dragonet family. Eats only copepods and will die in captivity without an adequate supply, which can only be had in very large, well established reef tanks. Attach a refugium to the tank.

Dragonets are often mis-categorized as gobies or blennies by fish sellers. They are bottom-dwelling fish that constantly hunt tiny invertebrates for food. Most starve to death in a marine aquarium unless you provide a refugium or place for the invertebrates to reproduce safely without any fish being able to reach them.

Source: wikipedia

bubble
bubble updated Red Mandarin
2013-01-23 21:31:09 -0500
The **Mandarinfish** or **Mandarin dragonet** (_Synchiropus splendidus_), is a small, brightly-colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwater aquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia. Taxonomy and etymology The Mandarinfish was first described as _Callionymus splendidus_ in 1927 by Albert William Herre, an American ichthyologist working in the Philippines. It was later placed in genus _Synchiropus_. The generic name _Synchiropus_ is from Ancient Greek _syn-_, meaning "together", and _-chiropus_ meaning "hand-foot". The specific epithet _splendidus_ is from Latin for splendid. The common name of the Mandarinfish comes from its extremely vivid colouration, evoking the robes of an Imperial Chinese mandarin. Other common names include Mandarin goby, Green mandarin, Striped mandarinfish, Striped dragonet, Green dragonet and sometimes Psychedelic mandarinfish. The similarly named mandarin fish (_Siniperca chuatsi_), properly known as the Chinese perch, is only distantly related.
JSeymour
JSeymour posted on Red Mandarin
2012-05-04 17:43:19 -0400

Fish Specs

Family
Callionymidae
Environment
Salt
Min Tank Size
30 gallons
Max Size
4.0 in.
Chemistry
8.1 - 8.4 pH
Temperature
72 - 78 °F
Temperament
Peaceful
Diet
Carnivore
Difficulty
Difficult
Origin
Indonesia, Sumatra
Reef Safe
Yes

Tanks (5)

Show Tank - Salt water Aquarium 45 Gallon SPS Dominated Reef - Salt water Aquarium 120g - Salt water Aquarium Mare Crisium - Salt water Aquarium Ricardo's Reef - Salt water Aquarium